Things You Didn’t Know About Gender-Based Violence

Things You Didn’t Know About Gender-Based Violence

According to research, gender-based violence (GBV) continues to be a global epidemic. Millions of women and children are the primary victims regardless of race or financial status. Read on to learn more about things you didn’t know about GBV.

What is Gender Based Violence (GBV)?

Gender-based violence is a global concern that can take many forms, such as verbal or physical abuse. It affects women, men, and children, with women and young girls being the highest reported. The violent act is usually directed at a specific person due to discrimination against their gender.

This type of violence has been highlighted as a global violation of human rights because of the severe harm it causes to families and communities. Power structures that are dominant in most societies continue to place women in vulnerable positions. Additionally, in South Africa, various cultures and traditions are some of the factors that increase the risk of GBV among women and young girls.

Types of GBV and Examples

There are different forms of violence that victims of GBV are exposed to. In most cases, the violence is physical or sexual. Domestic violence is the most widespread type of GBV that impacts people despite their economic backgrounds or race. These are several common types of GBV to be made aware of:


This is the most common type of GBV that affects women, children, and men alike. It can start with a slap, and it will gradually become intense and life-threatening. Domestic violence is an example of physical abuse influenced by violent outbursts that harm you through physical force that leads to injuries and can put your life in danger.


Abusive sexual behaviour can include threats, force and violence used to make you submit to various sexual acts. According to research, 1 in 3 women will be a victim of sexual abuse in their lifetime. Even though this form of GBV is prevalent in females, young males are victims who hardly speak up about their traumatic experiences.


Sometimes, gender-based violence can take place without experiencing injury-causing violence. Some perpetrators use psychological means to overpower you as a victim. The most common example is being isolated from your close friends and family by your intimate partner.


GBV can also be emotional behaviours that subject you to emotional trauma that impacts your mental health and self-esteem. Similar to psychological abuse, emotional abuse is non-physical to control, frighten or threaten you. An example is verbal abuse to humiliate, manipulate or intimidate you.


Sometimes, your partner will have financial control over you by limiting your capacity to control yourself. This forces you to depend on them for everything while they exploit your access to money-related resources in your home. When they can’t fully take advantage of your finances, they might use physical force to undermine you.

Need to Know Facts About GBV

The global community continues to spread awareness of the impact of GBV. It’s challenging to shed light on this issue and understand the issues that affect victims. Here are some shocking facts about GBV that you should know:

  • Research estimates that more than 10 million children are exploited for sexually related activities.
  • More than 150 million girls are subjected to sexual violence, including rape, globally.
  • More than 30% of females have had a forced first-time sexual encounter.
  • Women from the age of 15 are at a significantly higher risk of domestic violence and sexual violence than chronic illnesses such as cancer.
  • Women and young girls have a higher chance of being killed by a close relative, friend, or intimate partner.
  • Most victims don’t report their encounters, which means the GBV statistics are likely higher than the global records.
  • Gender-related crimes take place in many contexts, such as human trafficking and other forms of organised crime.
  • Specific groups of women and young girls, such as those in the public eye, face more significant risks of intentional acts of extreme violence.
  • Women refugees suffer sexual violence and the threat of kidnapping or human trafficking due to poverty.
  • Domestic violence is widespread in poverty-stricken communities around the world.

Effects of GBV

The violence suffered by victims can have long-term consequences. As a victim, you might be vulnerable to mental and physical health concerns, such as engaging in risky behaviours like substance abuse to cope with the effects of the violence. On the other hand, the impact filters to your children, close family, friends and even your community.

Gender-based violence is a devastating issue that leaves survivors with trauma that may take a lifetime to heal from. If you are a victim of GBV or know someone who needs immediate assistance, you can get complete and unrestricted access to Social Services through the iER App’s nationwide network. You can send an alert via your Free-to-use iER App to connect with counselling, rape crisis centres, or rehabilitation service providers instantly.

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